Glossary

A-Z Index

A

Annular: Pertaining to the outer ring of fibrous tissue surrounding an intervertebral disc, which helps to contain the gel-like inner material and maintain disc integrity.

B

Bulging Disc: Occurs when the outer layer of an intervertebral disc weakens or bulges outward, potentially causing pressure on nearby nerves and resulting in pain or discomfort.

D

Degenerative Disc: A condition characterized by the deterioration of intervertebral discs in the spine, often resulting in pain and reduced mobility.

 

Desiccated Disc: Describes a degenerated disc that has lost its moisture content and elasticity, often resulting in decreased disc height and potential symptoms such as pain or stiffness.

E

Extruded Disc: Refers to a situation where the soft inner material of an intervertebral disc extends beyond the outer layer, possibly leading to nerve compression and pain.

E

Extruded Disc: Refers to a situation where the soft inner material of an intervertebral disc extends beyond the outer layer, possibly leading to nerve compression and pain.

F

Fissure: In the context of chiropractic and spinal health, a fissure refers to a narrow opening or crack in the outer layer of an intervertebral disc, which can sometimes occur due to degenerative changes or trauma. Fissures may contribute to disc herniation or other spinal conditions, potentially causing pain or discomfort.

 

Foraminal Stenosis: Refers to the narrowing of the neural foramen, which are the openings through which spinal nerves exit the spinal canal. Foraminal stenosis can result from various factors such as disc herniation, bone spurs, or degenerative changes, leading to compression of the nerve roots and potential symptoms such as pain, numbness, or weakness in the affected area.

H

Herniated Disc: Also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, it happens when the soft inner material of an intervertebral disc leaks out through a tear in the outer layer, potentially irritating nearby nerves and causing pain, numbness, or weakness.

P

Protruded Disc: Similar to a bulging disc, a protruded disc involves the displacement of disc material, often causing pressure on surrounding structures and potential symptoms such as pain or numbness.

S

Spondylosis: A general term referring to degenerative changes in the spine, such as bone spurs and decreased disc height, often associated with aging and resulting in pain or stiffness.

 

Spondylolisthesis: Occurs when a vertebra slips forward or backward relative to the one below it, potentially causing spinal instability, nerve compression, and symptoms such as pain or numbness.

 

Spinal Arthritis: Refers to inflammation of the joints in the spine, often associated with conditions like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.

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